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This project is being implemented in 7 blocks of Jharkhand across 7 districts – Churchu, (Hazaribagh), Khunti Sadar (Khunti), Khuntpani (West Singbhum), Topchanchi (Dhanbad), Bengabad (Giridih), Deoghar Sadar (Deoghar) and Barharwa (Sahebganj). All the intervention blocks cover 4 regions of Jharkhand where child protection is extremely low.
Key Statistics: Jharkhand has 9.9 lakh children aged between 0-6 years. There are 5.2 lakh boys and 4.7 lakh girls. The percentage of children under the age of 3 years suffering from malnutrition is 54.6%. As far as education is concerned, 61.7 % of urban poor children and 81.7 % of urban non-poor children go to school, though the overall figures for the state is 63.8 %. As much as 56% girls in rural areas are married before the age of 18. The situation is comparatively better in urban centres where only 29% girls are married before they attain adulthood. Human trafficking is a major issue in the state. Most of the women trafficked from Jharkhand belong to Oraon, Munda, Santhal (including endangered Pahariya) and Gond tribes. Child labour is another concern in the state in spite of the provisions of law to stop the practice. According to Hindustan Times, 282 cases of trafficking were reported with Jharkhand C.I.D. between 2001-2013. There is no mechanism to keep a track of out migration. Jharkhand ranks 2nd on the chart for violence against women with 58.9%. The state leads in physical and psychological violence for which the figures are 21.1% and 54.5 % respectively. Domestic work continues to be undervalued and is mainly carried out by women and girls, many of whom are migrants or members of disadvantaged communities.
Plan's Intervention: The intervention is targeted at three levels, community, district and state. At each level, the impact of this intervention is as follows:
Peers Educator Model: Continuous support to peer educators has had a positive outcome. This model has not only helped in establishing a bond with the community, but also taking the different child protection issues and concerns to society and back to project. This model helps in understanding the community perspective on child protection issues thus boosting the achievement of the objective, i.e., to create community based child protection mechanism.
Child Protection Information Centre (CPIC): The setting up of CPICs is a good learning platform. It not only provides a platform for the peer educators but also for the village level CPC. Membership of both is linked as it has promoted child participation. Further, CPIC is helping increase child and youth participation towards child rights and protection issues.
Development of State Action Plan for Integrated Child Protection Scheme: Providing technical support to Department of Social Welfare, Govt. of Jharkhand for conducting District Need Assessment and on that basis developing district and state action plan has helped in understanding different aspects of child protection issues in Jharkhand. This process has also provided a unique opportunity to understand the functioning of govt., the obstacles coming in the way of implementation in the state and the way forward strategy.
Ending Child Marriage Campaign: Designing and launching of Ending Child Marriage campaign has helped in harnessing our capacity to identify priority issues and taking up that issue as advocacy at state and district level. This capacity has kept Plan India in the lead position to take up the child marriage campaign with Jharkhand State Commission for Protection of Child Rights and Human Resource Department.